Most people associate Type 2 Diabetes with low insulin levels, but that is not always the case. Type 2 Diabetes is the result of insulin resistance. When the body becomes resistant to insulin, which is a hormone that allows cells to absorb glucose for fuel, insulin builds up in the blood. This increase is a cause of hypertension.
How Do High Levels of Insulin Cause Hypertension?
To understand the relationship between the two, it is essential to understand a little bit about high blood pressure. Your blood pressure measurement rates how hard the heart is working to pump blood through your body. Blockages in the arteries or tightness in muscles can increase blood pressure.
When levels of insulin are high, it has specific effects on the body.
It causes arteries to constrict.
It can cause smooth muscles of the arteries to grow.
Prevents Potassium from getting into cells, which can cause an imbalance between sodium and potassium, helping to create high blood pressure.
High levels of Insulin will aid in the construction of arteries.
Helping to Prevent High Blood Pressure
One of the primary risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes is also one of the primary risk factors for hypertension: being overweight. Losing weight will help you in controlling both. When you have Type 2 Diabetes, however, you need to take special consideration into how you are working to prevent hypertension as being diabetic can lead to having high blood pressure.
Speak to a medical professional about steps that you can take to prevent high blood pressure, but these steps can help you reduce the risk.
Control your blood sugar level.
Eat a low sodium diet such as the DASH diet.
Exercise at 30 minutes a day.
Stop smoking if you are a smoker.
Work to keep your weight in a healthy range.
Limit the amount of alcohol that your drink.
While these steps will help, many people with Type 2 Diabetes will develop high blood pressure or may already have it. Your doctor may be able to prescribe medications that will help lower your blood pressure. Ask your doctor if this option might be right for you.
Find the Help You Need
If you are managing your Type 2 Diabetes, you don't have to do it alone. Find the compassionate help you need to reverse or your Diabetes. Let us help you. Make an appointment today to speak to one of our professionals about managing your disease and helping you to prevent the complications of Diabetes, such as high blood pressure.
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